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kidney stone carbonate apatite

  • Aetiology and prevention of recurrent renal calculi - Wiley Online ...

    Aetiology and prevention of recurrent renal calculi - Wiley Online ...

    7 Nov 2014 ... Figure 2. X-ray showing recurrent kidney stones. NON-INFECTION STONES. # Calcium oxalate. # Calcium phosphate (including brushite and carbonate apatite). # Uric acid. INFECTION STONES. # Magnesium ammonium phosphate. # Carbonate apatite. # Ammonium urate. GENETIC CAUSES. # Cystine.

  • Kidney stone analysis: “Give me your stone, I will tell you who you are!”

    Kidney stone analysis: “Give me your stone, I will tell you who you are!”

    3 Dec 2014 ... In addition to carbapatite, other CaPh species are present in the stone, in particular amorphous carbonated calcium phosphate and/or whitlockite. ... Kidney stones related to such a pathological condition were recently considered, revealing particular features in stone composition and morphology (Figs.

  • KIDNEY STONE TYPES - Kidney Stone Evaluation And Treatment .

    KIDNEY STONE TYPES - Kidney Stone Evaluation And Treatment .

    This is the info from the test result on the kidney stone: WEIGHT, STONE 0.0650 g, CALCULI COMPOSITION Result: Carbonate Apatite (Dahllite) 100%.

  • A Woman with Recurrent Calcium Phosphate Kidney Stones

    A Woman with Recurrent Calcium Phosphate Kidney Stones

    16 May 2012 ... Why some calcium phosphate stones take the form of hydroxyapatite and others take the form of brushite is not known. Patients with carbonate apatite as a component of stones should have urinary tract infection ruled out, particularly if it exists combined with struvite, the ammonium–magnesium–calcium ...

  • Urolithiasis Lifetime risk of renal stone disease 10-15% Peak ...

    Urolithiasis Lifetime risk of renal stone disease 10-15% Peak ...

    (ii) Infection stones (10-15%). Magnesium ammonium phosphate. Carbonate apatite. (iii) Uric acid stones (5-10%). Uric acid**. Ammonium urate. Sodium urate. (iv) Other (1%). Cystine*. Xanthine**. Silica**. Indinavir//Triamterene**. * Cystine, calcium oxalate monohydrate, brushite hardest stones. ** Fully radiolucent, unlike ...

  • Remedies for The 5 Most Common Types of Kidney Stones – Kidney ...

    Remedies for The 5 Most Common Types of Kidney Stones – Kidney ...

    Unless you've had a kidney stone, you probably haven't spent a lot of time wondering about their causes, how to prevent them and what they're made of. But the fact is, not all kidney stones are created the same way, and each type has a few different risk factors and causes, and they are definitely not all treated the same.

  • To Study the Biochemical Analysis of Kidney Stone by Using FTIR ...

    To Study the Biochemical Analysis of Kidney Stone by Using FTIR ...

    Table 5.3 illustrates the minerals found in the 42 renal stones used for in this study with FTIR analysis. Pure Calcium oxalate monohydrate was the most common major constituent found in 390 samples (78%), with carbonate apatite a constituent in 53 samples (10.6%). Calcium oxalate dehydrate was a constituent in 43 ...

  • What are struvite kidney stones | Kidney Stones - Sharecare

    What are struvite kidney stones | Kidney Stones - Sharecare

    Struvite stones are composed of magnesium, ammonium, phosphate crystals mixed with carbonate-apatite. These stones are associated with urinary tract i.

  • DreamRCT: How to Quash Kidney Stones | Medpage Today

    DreamRCT: How to Quash Kidney Stones | Medpage Today

    2 Oct 2015 ... The definition of such stones is usually a stone with at least 50% calcium phosphate or more. Most often, calcium phosphate appears in the form of hydroxyapatite, the crystal found in . Other calcium phosphate crystals include brushite and carbonate apatite. The latter sometimes implies the presence ...

  • Treatment and Prevention of Kidney and Bladder Stones | Whole ...

    Treatment and Prevention of Kidney and Bladder Stones | Whole ...

    30 Jun 2010 ... Another Whole Dog Journal report on the types of canine kidney stones and bladder stones that are not as common but just as painful and deadly.

  • High carbonate level of apatite in kidney stones underlines infection ...

    High carbonate level of apatite in kidney stones underlines infection ...

    24 Jul 2013 ... The presence of infectious microorganisms in urinary stones is commonly inferred from stone composition, especially by the presence of struvite in a stone. The presence of highly carbonated apatite has also been proposed as a marker of the presence of bacteria within a stone. We retrospectively studied ...

  • Struvite and Staghorn Calculi: Practice Essentials, History of the ...

    Struvite and Staghorn Calculi: Practice Essentials, History of the ...

    6 days ago ... Upper urinary tract stones that involve the renal pelvis and extend into at least 2 calyces are classified as staghorn calculi (see image below). Although all types of urinary stones can potentially form staghorn calculi, approximately 75% are composed of a struvite-carbonate-apatite matrix.

  • Observations of the ultrastructure of infected kidney stones

    Observations of the ultrastructure of infected kidney stones

    and phosphorus, components of carbonate-apatite, and magnesium, a struvite component, were detected in close proximity to the cells. Histochemical examinations revealed that several of the gram-negative bacteria within the stone matrix possessed high levels of urease activity. We propose that bacterial slime production ...

  • Kidney stones and urinary infections - KidneyStoners

    Kidney stones and urinary infections - KidneyStoners

    Apr 17, 2011 . Infections cause kidney stones in about 15% of stone formers. . Infection stones can also contain carbonate apatite and monoammonium urate.

  • KIDNEY STONE TYPES | Kidney Stone Evaluation And Treatment ...

    KIDNEY STONE TYPES | Kidney Stone Evaluation And Treatment ...

    Andrew · December 4, 2017. Hi, my stone was analyzed as (Ammonium-Magnesium Phosphate Hexahydrate (Struvite) 90% Cabonate Apatite (dahlite) 10% Whew !!!! My question is what the heck does it mean and how do I fix it Thanks for any help on this!!!!!! Reply ...

  • Kidney Stone Owner's Manual - Intermountain Healthcare

    Kidney Stone Owner's Manual - Intermountain Healthcare

    is also a kidney stone patient — in other words, someone who knows . inch wide), a kidney stone can get stuck and block the ureter. If this Carbonate Apatite.

  • Stone formation and calcification by Nanobacteria in human body

    Stone formation and calcification by Nanobacteria in human body

    stone formation.15 In our work, bacteria of similar size and morphology (Fig. 1 A and C) as nanobacteria (Fig. 1 B and D) were found with TEM in human kidney stones. Figure 2. TEM micrographs of a carbonate apatite human kidney stone and nanobacteria. (A) A kidney stone before demineralization,. (B) SF- nanobacteria ...

  • URINARY COMPOSITION AND STONE FORMATION By ... - TSpace

    URINARY COMPOSITION AND STONE FORMATION By ... - TSpace

    Urinary Composition and stone formation Master's degree 2010, by Mohammad Ali. Shafiee, University of Toronto. ABSTRACT. Background: Kidney stone disease is a common and often debilitating disorder, yet its pathophysiology is ...... bacteria can cause urease-induced stone like Struvite and carbonate-apatite stones.

  • Determinants of Brushite Stone Formation: A Case-Control Study

    Determinants of Brushite Stone Formation: A Case-Control Study

    12 Nov 2013 ... The most important calcium phosphates involved in urinary stone disease are dahllite (carbonate apatite) and brushite (calcium hydrogen phosphate ... A low urine volume, a urinary pH in the range of 6.5 to 6.8 and an increased renal excretion of calcium and phosphate are considered to be urinary risk ...

  • A Simplified Approach to Metabolic Stone Disease

    A Simplified Approach to Metabolic Stone Disease

    Classification of Stone Causes. Infection. Struvite. Carbonate apatite. Matrix. Metabolic. Calcium. Calcium Oxalate. Calcium Phosphate. Uric Acid. Cystine ... When should a metabolic evaluation be considered • Recurrent stone disease. • Stone burden requiring invasive surgery. • Solitary kidney. • Family history. • Skeletal ...

  • Kidney Stones Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - What Are the ...

    Kidney Stones Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - What Are the ...

    Some stones grow very large and fill the entirety of the kidney collecting system. They are called staghorn calculi (calculus = stone) because they look like antlers. While most kidney stones are made up of calcium oxalate crystals, this type of stone is a composite of struvite, carbonate, and apatite. They are usually the result ...

  • Nanobacteria: An infectious cause for kidney stone formation

    Nanobacteria: An infectious cause for kidney stone formation

    Nanobacteria are cytotoxic, sterile-filterable, the pathophysiology of renal stone disease cannot be gram-negative, atypical bacteria detected in bovine and human explained by crystallization processes alone [2]. The crys- blood. Nanobacteria produce carbonate apatite on their cell talline components of urinary tract stones ...

  • Absence of Bacterial Imprints on Struvite-containing Kidney Stones ...

    Absence of Bacterial Imprints on Struvite-containing Kidney Stones ...

    Bacterial imprints are always observed on highly carbonated apatite kidney stones but not struvite kidney stones. Struvite and carbonated apatite stones with a high CO(3)(2-)/PO(4)(3-) rate are believed to develop from infections, but their structural differences at the mesoscopic scale lack explanation. We investigated 17 ...

  • Kidney Stones — Understanding Risk, Reducing Recurrence

    Kidney Stones — Understanding Risk, Reducing Recurrence

    Other types of stones include those caused by infection in the urinary tract, called a struvite or carbonate apatite, as well as urate stones, cystine stones and stones formed by a combination of chemicals. Diagnosis. Diagnosing a kidney stone includes an initial evaluation based on family history, associated medical ...

  • Update on the Medical Management of Kidney Stones - Renal and ...

    Update on the Medical Management of Kidney Stones - Renal and ...

    1 Jul 2013 ... While kidney stones composed predominantly of calcium phosphate are less than 10 % of total stones, the importance of this compound arises from the ... regardless of the results of urine pH responses to acid loads.26 If the stone is composed of the calcium phosphate crystal phases carbonate apatite or ...

  • Kidney stones and urinary infections - KidneyStoners.org

    Kidney stones and urinary infections - KidneyStoners.org

    17 Apr 2011 ... Infection stones can also contain carbonate apatite and monoammonium urate. These stones can become quite large and fill up an entire kidney. They are the most common cause of so called “staghorn” stones. Picture of a staghorn stone. Treatment of infection stones involves clearance of all stones and ...

  • A comprehensive look at kidney stones - The Clinical Advisor

    A comprehensive look at kidney stones - The Clinical Advisor

    29 Aug 2008 ... ... thought to originate in the medullary interstitium, make their way to the renal papillae. The result is “Randall's plaques,” which serve as a nidus for further deposition of crystals.1. Other stones are composed of magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), calcium carbonate apatite, or a combination of the ...

  • Kidney Stones

    Kidney Stones

    Types I & II primary hyperoxaluria are rare genetic defects that can casue urate stones. Uric acid stones are unique in that they can be managed medically. Causes: Hyperuricosuria, low urine pH. Rx: Allopurinol, oral Cabase; Struvite (magnesium-ammoionium phosphate) and carbonate apatite stones - Stones Associated ...

  • Kidney Stones: Diagnostic and Treatment Strategies | Consultant360

    Kidney Stones: Diagnostic and Treatment Strategies | Consultant360

    2 Feb 2012 ... Hence, calcium oxalate stones typically have a small component of calcium phosphate (apatite or brushite). If small particles were not .... Calcium carbonate supplements, 1.3 g three times a day with meals, and cholestyramine bind oxalate in the intestinal lumen. Because of malabsorption, there is no risk of ...

  • Gibson Consulting: Kidney Stones

    Gibson Consulting: Kidney Stones

    Apatite is the fundamental mineral component in bones and teeth, and when apatite has fluorine in its crystal structure, it is stronger. This is why fluorine is added to water and toothpaste. In kidney stones, carbonate (CO3) substitutes for some of the phosphate, making a mineral that is relatively ...